Elizabeth I ascended to the English throne in 1558, and she ruled until 1603, which was 17 years before the Pilgrims came to America on the Mayflower. Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII and his second wife Anne Boleyn.
Image Credit FutureLearn Here
When Henry VIII died, his only male heir Edward VI, who was the son of Jane Seymour, ascended the throne, but he died at the age of 15. Lady Jane Grey was the daughter of the niece of Henry VIII, and she was the great-granddaughter of Henry VII. Before Edward VI died, he named Lady Jane Grey as his successor, but Mary and her supporters quickly ended Jane Grey’s reign; Mary, who was the first child of Henry VIII and his first wife Catherine of Aragon, ascended the throne. Mary was a staunch Catholic, and England had recently become Protestant. The second child of Henry VIII was Elizabeth I, and she was protestant. Because Mary saw Elizabeth I as a threat, she had her younger sister imprisoned at the Tower of London. In fact, she was imprisoned in the same room where her mother Anne Boleyn was imprisoned before her execution.
The Tower of England is actually a group of several towers, and the White Tower [pictured above] was built in the 11th century. It is situated on the Thames River.
The Tower of London was built as protection from outside intruders, but it has also been used to confine some of England’s most aristocratic prisoners. For quite some time, I have considered the Tower of London to only be a prison, and I was surprised to realise that after her imprisonment ended there, The Tower of London also became the palace of Elizabeth I, at least for a while.
The following video shows how exotic things were made from sugar to adorn King Henry VIII’s banquet tables. The Elizabethan age was even more of an age of sugar than during the generation before.
Sugar Ships – Image Credit FutureLearn
Sugar Ship – Image Credit FutureLearn
“Sugar had been used within Henry’s kitchens, but the expansion of the world allowed this precious ingredient to be more readily accessible.
“Sugar was a status ingredient; it was more expensive than honey (which had long been used as a natural sweetener) because of the requirement for it to be imported. Sugar grows as a cane but would be imported in a ‘loaf’ form. The highest grade of these sugars were the fine, white sugars which could easily be melted into a liquid and came from Madeira; next came Barbary or Canary sugar; and finally a coarser brown sugar which required less rendering down but was, as a result, more difficult to work with. However, even this coarse sugar was expensive; this was not an ingredient which all of Elizabethan England would have access to.”Image and Text Credit Future Learn Here